Fixed Action Pattern
==> Operant Conditioning
"(op ur ent kon dih shun ing): a type of associative learning that directly affects behaviour in a natural context; also called trial and error learning" [Campbell, Biology 4th Editon]
Picture from Killer Whales: Feeding.
Similarly, in the wild, mothers will 'train' their offspring in survival skills. Young whales have the tendency to mimic their parents to learn certain behaviours. For example, a mother may teach its calf to find fish. When the calf mimics its mother's behaviour and finds that it gets food, this acts like the positive reinforcement in training a whale to do tricks. This learning process allows the calfs to become self sufficient as adults. In certain areas, whales have unique behavioural characteristics that are learned by an individual and passed on to their offspring. Operant conditioning may play a large part in such situations.