Fixed Action Pattern
"(kuh myoo ni kay shun): a process by which information is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, signs, or behavior (e.g. the function of pheromones in insect communication)" [Merriam-Webster]
Pictures from Geographic Maps and Wolf Pictures Directory.
Communication is observed in many different forms: auditory, visual, tactile or chemical. Vocalisation in wolves are important for communicating a variety of ideas. For example, wolves’ howling is an important form of communication for wolf packs. There are a few reasons why wolves howl. When a wolf is howling alone, it howls to tell others its position because the pack has become separated. The members of the pack are able to recognize each wolf by the howl. When wolves howl together, they are trying make other animals think that there are more of them than there really are present, and perhaps intimidate them. The alpha wolves are usually the ones to initiate a group or chorus howling.