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----- COMMUNICATION -----
"(kuh myoo ni kay shun): a process by which information is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, signs, or behavior (e.g. the function of pheromones in insect communication)" [Merriam-Webster]

Download a .wav of a single wolf howling
Download a .wav of a chorus of howling wolves
A single howling wolf  A wolf pack howling
Pictures from Geographic Maps and Wolf Pictures Directory.

Communication is observed in many different forms: auditory, visual, tactile or chemical. Vocalisation in wolves are important for communicating a variety of ideas. For example, wolves’ howling is an important form of communication for wolf packs. There are a few reasons why wolves howl. When a wolf is howling alone, it howls to tell others its position because the pack has become separated. The members of the pack are able to recognize each wolf by the howl. When wolves howl together, they are trying make other animals think that there are more of them than there really are present, and perhaps intimidate them. The alpha wolves are usually the ones to initiate a group or chorus howling.


Bibliography
Geographic Maps
How Wolves Communicate
Wolf Pictures Directory


© 2002: The content, design, and images of this page are copyrighted by Freda Auyeung and Yuki Nakamachi unless otherwise stated. Please do not remove any content from this page without written permission from the author(s).